Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Banja Luka highlights
This beautiful and historical city surrounded by green hills, split into two by the Vrbas river. Banja Luka is the second largest city, after the capital Sarajevo, of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the capital of the Republika Srpska entity. It has a rich mixture of preserved architecture combined with a rich culture that give Banja Luka a unique charm. It's one of Bosnia's most modern and up-and-coming cities. Medieval fortress Kastel is located here in Banja Luka. The fortress is situated on the site of previous fortifications going all the way back to Roman and even pre-Roman times. The fortress is well-preserved, and is one of Banja Luka's main attractions.
Other places we know in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Blagaj - Known for ancient settlement, castle, landmark, museum, nature, river, islam monastery; monastery is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
Bobovac - Known for fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint
Doboj - Known for fortress, historical center, museum
Dobrićevo (Dobricevo) - Known for orthodox monastery
Gradačac (Gradacac) - Known for architecture, castle, museum
Jablanica - Known for lake, landmark, monument, river
Jajce - Known for fortress, historical center, nature, park, river, waterfall; historical center is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
Ključ (Kljuc) - Known for fortress, medieval old town, park
Konjic - Known for bridge, river
Kraljeva Sutjeska - Known for historical center, museum, ruines, franciscan monastery
Kravica - Known for park, waterfall
Lukomir - Known for ethno village, viewpoint
Maglaj - Known for fortress, historical center, islam mosque
Međugorje (Medjugorje) - Known for catholic pilgrimage center
Mostar - Known for bridge, historical center, medieval old town; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Neum - Known for coastal town, marina
Ostrovica - Known for castle
Ostrožac (Ostrozac) - Known for castle
Počitelj (Pocitelj) - Known for fortified town, fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint; medieval old town is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
Radimlja - Known for archaeological site; archaeological site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sarajevo - Known for bridge, fortress, historical center, museum, river; historical center is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
Srebrenik - Known for castle, fortress
Stolac - Known for archaeological site, fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint, waterfall; fortress is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
Tešanj (Tesanj) - Known for castle, fortress
Travnik - Known for architecture, fortress, historical center, river
Trebinje - Known for architecture, medieval old town, orthodox cathedral
Tuzla - Known for lake
Tvrdoš (Tvrdos) - Known for orthodox monastery
Velika Kladuša (Velika Kladusa) - Known for fortress
Vjetrenica - Known for cave; cave is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
Vranduk - Known for fortress, historical center
Zavala - Known for orthodox monastery
Last reviewed: 5 May 2020
Banja Luka description
Banja Luka is the administrative capital of the Republika Srpska, the second largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina and by far the largest city in the northwest. To protect the route Salona-Servitium the Romans built a fortress (Kastel Fortress) here (in the center of the city). When the Roman Empire collapsed, the Slavs took over. Once the Ottomans finally controlled the town, they gave it a distinct oriental style. During the Ottoman glory days were built bridges, mills and plenty of mosques.
In the course of the Ottoman centuries, Banja Luka was destroyed repeatedly by Ottoman-Austrian warfare (as well as earthquakes and plagues) until eventually the Austrian-Hungarian Empire absorbed Banja Luka in the 19th century. They rapidly modernized the town, building railroads connecting it to Vienna and other capital cities. The infrastructure appeared and developed, which led to a modern city factories.
The town expanded enormously in the 20th century. After World War I, Banja Luka became a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, it was part of the Independent State of Croatia. Finally, in the 1990s, the city underwent considerable changes when the Bosnian War broke out. Upon the declaration of Bosnian-Herzegovinian independence and the establishment of the Republika Srpska, Banja Luka became the center of the Republika Srpska politics.
Banja Luka has a continental climate, making it ideal for travel in the summer months. Warm weather and surrounding woodlands make it ideal for nature enthusiasts and hikers. The most notable mountains are Manjača (1,214 m), Čemernica (1,338 m), and Tisovac. These are all part of the Dinaric Alps mountain range.
The River Vrbas, a vibrant green river that flows through the heart of the city, is a key feature of Banja Luka’s natural surroundings. There are also a number of springs close by. The city straddles the banks of the river, which provides a relaxing zone to explore with picturesque natural beauty. The willow trees that line the river banks provide shade for peaceful walks alongside it. Away from the city, the river also offers opportunities to kayak, canoe, and hike along the river basin. Besides, the city is full of tree-lined avenues, boulevards, gardens and parks.
Banja Luka is one of Bosnia most modern and cosmopolitan cities, perfect for shopping.
Banja Luka related tours
We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Banja Luka during multi-day private car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Banja Luka.
We have developed several tours that visiting this beautiful place. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.
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