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Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina


Tuzla highlights

Tuzla is the third-largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is a modern multicultural city with rich history goes back to the 9th century, in touristic meaning the most known for salt lake.


Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina - Monterrasol private tours to Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Tuzla in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Order custom private tour to Tuzla with departure date on request.
Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Other places we know in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Banja Luka - Known for fortress, museum, river, orthodox cathedral, islam mosque

Blagaj - Known for ancient settlement, castle, landmark, museum, nature, river, islam monastery; monastery is a UNESCO Tentative List Site

Bobovac - Known for fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint

Doboj - Known for fortress, historical center, museum

Dobrićevo (Dobricevo) - Known for orthodox monastery

Gradačac (Gradacac) - Known for architecture, castle, museum

Jablanica - Known for lake, landmark, monument, river

Jajce - Known for fortress, historical center, nature, park, river, waterfall; historical center is a UNESCO Tentative List Site

Ključ (Kljuc) - Known for fortress, medieval old town, park

Konjic - Known for bridge, river

Kraljeva Sutjeska - Known for historical center, museum, ruines, franciscan monastery

Kravica - Known for park, waterfall

Lukomir - Known for ethno village, viewpoint

Maglaj - Known for fortress, historical center, islam mosque

Međugorje (Medjugorje) - Known for catholic pilgrimage center

Mostar - Known for bridge, historical center, medieval old town; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Neum - Known for coastal town, marina

Ostrovica - Known for castle

Ostrožac (Ostrozac) - Known for castle

Počitelj (Pocitelj) - Known for fortified town, fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint; medieval old town is a UNESCO Tentative List Site

Radimlja - Known for archaeological site; archaeological site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Sarajevo - Known for bridge, fortress, historical center, museum, river; historical center is a UNESCO Tentative List Site

Srebrenik - Known for castle, fortress

Stolac - Known for archaeological site, fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint, waterfall; fortress is a UNESCO Tentative List Site

Tešanj (Tesanj) - Known for castle, fortress

Travnik - Known for architecture, fortress, historical center, river

Trebinje - Known for architecture, medieval old town, orthodox cathedral

Tvrdoš (Tvrdos) - Known for orthodox monastery

Velika Kladuša (Velika Kladusa) - Known for fortress

Vjetrenica - Known for cave; cave is a UNESCO Tentative List Site

Vranduk - Known for fortress, historical center

Zavala - Known for orthodox monastery





Last reviewed: 27 June 2021

Tuzla description

Tuzla is located in the northeastern part of Bosnia, settled just underneath the Majevica mountain range, on the Jala River. The name Tuzla is the Ottoman Turkish word for salt mine, and refers to the extensive salt deposits found underneath the city.

Archaeological evidence suggests that Tuzla was a rich Neolithic settlement. Being inhabited continuously for more than 6,000 years, Tuzla is one of the oldest European sustained settlements. During the period of the Roman Republic (before the area was conquered by Rome), Tuzla (or Salines as it was called at the time) was ruled by the Illyrian tribe Breuci.

The city was first mentioned in 950 by Constantine Porphyrogenitus in his De Administrando Imperio as a fort named Salines. The name Soli was used for Tuzla in the Middle Ages. It means "salts" in Bosnian and the city's present name means "place of salt" in Ottoman Turkish.

During the Middle Ages Tuzla belonged mostly to the medieval Kingdom of Bosnia. After the fall of the kingdom to the Ottoman Empire in 1463, the region was controlled by local rulers Berislavic before the Ottomans occupied the few villages around 1512, and took control of the entire region in the 1530s.

Tuzla remained under Ottoman rule for nearly 400 years, where it was administered as part of the Sanjak of Zvornik. In 1878 it was occupied by Austria-Hungary. After the dissolution of the monarchy it became the part of the newly formed Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

During the Second World War, Tuzla was included in the puppet Independent State of Croatia and controlled by the mainly Muslim Legion of the Croatian Home Guard. Tuzla was among the first areas in Europe to be liberated, when Tito's Yugoslav Partisans freed it from the German occupiers on 2 October 1943. Many members of the Legion deserted to the Partisans at this time. In December 1944, the city was unsuccessfully attacked by Chetnik forces of Draza Mihailovic along with the Serbian State Guard.

After the war it developed into a major industrial and cultural center during the Communist period in the former Yugoslavia. After Bosnia's war, following the Dayton Peace Accords, Tuzla was the headquarters of the U.S. forces for the Multinational Division (MND) during Operation Joint Endeavour IFOR and subsequent SFOR.

Today Tuzla is the economic, cultural, educational, health and tourist center of northeast Bosnia. It is an educational center and is home to two universities. It is also the main industrial machine and one of the leading economic strongholds of Bosnia with a wide and varied industrial sector including an expanding service sector thanks to its salt lake tourism.

The ancient Pannonian Sea dried up around 10 million years ago, but work by researchers and scientists has now enabled a level of saline water to be kept stable at the surface, and in 2003 the Pannonian Lake was opened. So, today the salt lake tourism in Tuzla is possible because of Tuzla is the only city in Europe that has a salt lake at its center.

An artificial second lake (built in 2008) and a third lake (was completed in 2012) are part of the archaeological park, with artificial waterfalls and replica of Neolithic lake dwellings, providing information about the different cultures which left their material and spiritual mark here.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tuzla is also regarded as one of the most multicultural cities in the country and has managed to keep the pluralist character of the city throughout the Bosnian War and after, with Bosniaks, Serbs, Croats and a small minority of Bosnian Jews residing in Tuzla.

Tuzla related tours

We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Tuzla during multi-day private car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Tuzla.

We have developed several tours that visiting this beautiful place. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.


All seasons 9 days Bosnia discovery non-touristy places tour from Tuzla. Explore Medieval land of Bosnia by off the beaten path travel.

tour starts in: Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

tour finishes in: Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

tour duration: 9 days (8 nights)

tour countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina

tour destinations: Blagaj, Bobovac, Doboj, Jajce, Kraljeva Sutjeska, Kravica, Međugorje, Mostar, Počitelj, Radimlja, Sarajevo, Srebrenik, Stolac, Tešanj, Trebinje, Tvrdoš, Vranduk, Zavala, Zenica

All seasons 9 days discovery tour over Bosnia-Herzegovina from Tuzla. Visit this medieval land and see old towns, fortresses and monasteries. Think on this tour as good example off the beaten path travel, out of touristy areas, and safer to take in current situation. During this tour we going to visit medieval old town Jajce and its fortress, historical center of town Mostar (UNESCO site) and stay on famous Mostar bridge, will walk in medieval fortresses Vranduk, Doboj and Tesanj, visit Radimlja UNESCO site, visit calm sunny town Trebinje, silent Tvrdos monastery and Zavala monastery, walk in streets of fortified town Pocitelj, enjoy Stolac hilly fortress, wonder on beauty of Kravica waterfalls, walk streets of multicultural Sarajevo, and wonder on the beauty of Bosnian nature all the time.

all seasons tour

9 days

Price from € 875

 



All seasons 17 days Bosnia discovery non-touristy places tour from Tuzla. Explore Medieval land of Bosnia by off the beaten path travel.

tour starts in: Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

tour finishes in: Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

tour duration: 17 days (16 nights)

tour countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina

tour destinations: Banja Luka, Blagaj, Bobovac, Doboj, Jajce, Ključ, Kraljeva Sutjeska, Kravica, Maglaj, Međugorje, Mostar, Počitelj, Radimlja, Sarajevo, Srebrenik, Stolac, Tešanj, Trebinje, Tvrdoš, Vjetrenica, Vranduk, Zavala, Zenica

All seasons 17 days discovery tour over Bosnia-Herzegovina from Tuzla. Visit Bosnia-Herzegovina medieval land and see old towns, fortresses and monasteries. Think on this tour as good example off the beaten path travel, out of touristy areas, and safer to take in current situation. During this tour we going to visit medieval old town Jajce and its fortress, historical center of town Mostar (UNESCO site) and stay on famous Mostar bridge, will walk in medieval fortresses Vranduk, Maglaj, Doboj and Tesanj, visit calm sunny town Trebinje, silent Tvrdos monastery and Zavala monastery, refresh in Vjetrenica natural cave, walk in streets of fortified town Pocitelj, enjoy Stolac hilly fortress, wonder on beauty of Kravica waterfalls and pass the beauty of Bosnia-Herzegovina nature all days. And of course walk streets of multicultural Sarajevo.

all seasons tour

17 days

Price from € 1,655

 



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