Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tuzla is the third-largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is a modern multicultural city with rich history goes back to the 9th century, in touristic meaning the most known for salt lake.
Other places we know in Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Jajce - Known for fortress, historical center, nature, park, river, waterfall; historical center is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
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Stolac - Known for archaeological site, fortress, medieval old town, viewpoint, waterfall; fortress is a UNESCO Tentative List Site
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Travnik - Known for architecture, fortress, historical center, river
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Last reviewed: 27 June 2021
Tuzla is located in the northeastern part of Bosnia, settled just underneath the Majevica mountain range, on the Jala River. The name Tuzla is the Ottoman Turkish word for salt mine, and refers to the extensive salt deposits found underneath the city.
Archaeological evidence suggests that Tuzla was a rich Neolithic settlement. Being inhabited continuously for more than 6,000 years, Tuzla is one of the oldest European sustained settlements. During the period of the Roman Republic (before the area was conquered by Rome), Tuzla (or Salines as it was called at the time) was ruled by the Illyrian tribe Breuci.
The city was first mentioned in 950 by Constantine Porphyrogenitus in his De Administrando Imperio as a fort named Salines. The name Soli was used for Tuzla in the Middle Ages. It means "salts" in Bosnian and the city's present name means "place of salt" in Ottoman Turkish.
During the Middle Ages Tuzla belonged mostly to the medieval Kingdom of Bosnia. After the fall of the kingdom to the Ottoman Empire in 1463, the region was controlled by local rulers Berislavic before the Ottomans occupied the few villages around 1512, and took control of the entire region in the 1530s.
Tuzla remained under Ottoman rule for nearly 400 years, where it was administered as part of the Sanjak of Zvornik. In 1878 it was occupied by Austria-Hungary. After the dissolution of the monarchy it became the part of the newly formed Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
During the Second World War, Tuzla was included in the puppet Independent State of Croatia and controlled by the mainly Muslim Legion of the Croatian Home Guard. Tuzla was among the first areas in Europe to be liberated, when Tito's Yugoslav Partisans freed it from the German occupiers on 2 October 1943. Many members of the Legion deserted to the Partisans at this time. In December 1944, the city was unsuccessfully attacked by Chetnik forces of Draza Mihailovic along with the Serbian State Guard.
After the war it developed into a major industrial and cultural center during the Communist period in the former Yugoslavia. After Bosnia's war, following the Dayton Peace Accords, Tuzla was the headquarters of the U.S. forces for the Multinational Division (MND) during Operation Joint Endeavour IFOR and subsequent SFOR.
Today Tuzla is the economic, cultural, educational, health and tourist center of northeast Bosnia. It is an educational center and is home to two universities. It is also the main industrial machine and one of the leading economic strongholds of Bosnia with a wide and varied industrial sector including an expanding service sector thanks to its salt lake tourism.
The ancient Pannonian Sea dried up around 10 million years ago, but work by researchers and scientists has now enabled a level of saline water to be kept stable at the surface, and in 2003 the Pannonian Lake was opened. So, today the salt lake tourism in Tuzla is possible because of Tuzla is the only city in Europe that has a salt lake at its center.
An artificial second lake (built in 2008) and a third lake (was completed in 2012) are part of the archaeological park, with artificial waterfalls and replica of Neolithic lake dwellings, providing information about the different cultures which left their material and spiritual mark here.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tuzla is also regarded as one of the most multicultural cities in the country and has managed to keep the pluralist character of the city throughout the Bosnian War and after, with Bosniaks, Serbs, Croats and a small minority of Bosnian Jews residing in Tuzla.
Tuzla related tours
We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Tuzla during multi-day private car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Tuzla.
We have developed several private tours that visiting beautiful Tuzla. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. We charge nothing for develop a custom itinerary. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.
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