Cres is an Adriatic island in Croatia. It's one of the northern islands in the Kvarner Gulf and biggest in Croatia, with rich history.
Other places we know in Croatia
Brač (Brac) - Known for beach, cave, island
Brela - Known for beach, coastal town
Cavtat - Known for beach, coastal town, franciscan monastery, franciscan church
Dubovac - Known for castle
Dubrovnik - Known for historical center, medieval old town, seaport, venetian empire; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Hvar - Known for island
Imotski - Known for fortress, lake, museum
Korčula (Korcula) - Known for island, medieval old town
Krka - Known for landmark, nature, park, waterfall
Makarska - Known for beach, coastal town, marina, medieval old town, franciscan monastery, catholic cathedral
Medvedgrad - Known for fortress
Mljet - Known for island
Nin - Known for beach, coastal town, historical center, marina, spa and wellness, catholic cathedral
Omiš (Omis) - Known for fortress, medieval old town
Pelješac (Peljesac) - Known for peninsula
Plitvice - Known for lake, landmark, park, waterfall; park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ploče (Ploce) - Known for seaport
Poreč (Porec) - Known for byzantine empire, coastal town, historical center, venetian empire, catholic basilica; basilica is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Pula - Known for medieval old town, venetian empire
Rovinj - Known for medieval old town, venetian empire
Šibenik (Sibenik) - Known for architecture, coastal town, fortified town, fortress, historical center, marina, museum, venetian empire, catholic cathedral; cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site; fortress is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sinj - Known for medieval old town
Solin - Known for ancient settlement, archaeological site, historical center, catholic church
Šolta Island (Solta Island) - Known for island, waterfall
Split - Known for coastal town, historical center, medieval old town, museum, seaport, venetian empire; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ston - Known for architecture, fortress, medieval old town
Trakošćan (Trakoscan) - Known for castle, museum, park
Trogir - Known for coastal town, marina, medieval old town, museum, venetian empire; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Vis Island - Known for island
Zadar - Known for byzantine empire, coastal town, fortified town, historical center, museum, seaport, venetian empire; fortified town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Zagreb - Known for castle, historical center, museum, catholic cathedral
Zavratnica - Known for beach, landmark
Last reviewed: 19 May 2020
Cres has been inhabited since the Paleolithic time period. Its name predates classical antiquity and has Proto-Indo-European roots. Although this is one view, another more historically correct is from classical antiquity, when the town was founded and inhabited by ancient Greeks, and called it Chersos which in Greek language means "barren land", "uncultivated land" and "dry heaths". Later, "Chersos" was resounded to "Cresta", from which eventually the modern name "Cherso-Cres" is derived.
Cres was later ruled by the Greeks and, since the 1st century B.C., the Roman Empire make province of Liburnia. After the fall of the Roman Empire the island was taken over and became a part of the Byzantine Empire, and remained this way for centuries. Slavics came to the islands in the early 9th century.
Then, around 866 the romans inhabitants saw the first conflicts with the Republic of Venice. The Venetians eventually took control of Cres and the neighboring islands in the 10th and 11th centuries.
However, in the islands is being ruled for 400 years the Venetians took control. After Napoleon's victory over the Venetians, the island came under Austrian rule. After the defeat of Austria by Napoleon in 1809 the islands became part of the French Empire.
After the fall of Napoleon, Austria once again took control of the Cres island for 100 years. During this time the economy developed with olive trees, sage, and other plants becoming key to the success of the island. At the end of World War I, with the Treaty of Rapallo signed in 1920, the island Cres was once again handed over to Italy. This lasted until 1947 when the island Cres, along with Istrian Peninsula, were assigned to Yugoslavia.
The island Cres has gone through an agricultural downturn as many residents left the island in search of a better life on the mainland and abroad. This has resulted in many former agricultural areas becoming overgrown with local vegetation. Recently people, primarily retirees, have been returning to live on the island. Tourism has become an increasingly important industry and the population experiences significant seasonal variation.
Cres has its own fresh water lake, Lake Vrana, which is very highly guarded and illegal to swim or fish in. It is the largest lake in Croatia by volume and one of the deepest fresh water lakes in Eastern Europe, going down 76 meters at its deepest point, more than 50 m below sea-level.
The lake Vrana was formed by very heavy tectonic movements along a longitudinal relaxation fault which now contains 220 million m3 of fresh water. Comprising an area of 5.8 square kilometers, the depression reaches a depth of around 60 m below the sea level, but its surface lies about 14 m above it, oscillating by about half a meter, meaning the maximum depth is 74 meters.
Myth of Lake Vrana. There is a local legend that there is a castle under the lake. According to the legend, a rich sister who lived in the castle would not give her much poorer sister money or food. As a result, she was punished by having her castle flooded during a severe thunderstorm which caused Lake Vrana to be created. The story goes on to tell that on some windy days, if one is to listen very carefully the tower bells can still be heard ringing to this day.
Cres related tours
Sorry, we have no any pre-designed tour passing trough this place yet. If you would like to visit this place, please contact us.
Why travel with us
Maybe you want?
Recently added tours
Recently added places
June 27, 2021 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is the third-largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is a modern multicultural city with rich history goes back to the 9th century, in touristic meaning the most known for salt lake.
June 2, 2021 Červená Lhota (Cervena Lhota), Czech Republic. Červená Lhota is a picturesque Renaissance castle in south Bohemia, Czech Republic. The castle stands at the middle of a lake on a rocky island. The name Červená Lhota meaning "red lhota" can be explained by the colour of the castle's bright-red roof tiles. There is also a park, where the Chapel of the Holy Trinity is located.
May 17, 2021 Gjirokastër (Gjirokaster), Albania. Gjirokastër is a city in southern Albania, in a valley between mountains, at 300 metres above sea level. Its old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, described as "a rare example of a well-preserved Ottoman town, built by farmers of large estate". The city is overlooked by Gjirokastër Fortress.
March 28, 2021 Stobi, Macedonia. Stobi, the biggest city from the antique period in this part of Macedonia, only 80km south from the the capital Skopje, is a place that links the Mediterranean to the continental Balkan hinterlands, shrouded by the mythical rivers of Axios and Erigon, along which countless Roman legions, Crusading cavalries, Ottoman conquerors and World War armies had marched. Today, this region represents the midpoint where the Old and the New World of wine meet.
February 13, 2021 Kraljeva Sutjeska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kraljeva Sutjeska is a village in the municipality of Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina, almost at the middle of Bosnia and Herzegovina territory. The village hosts a number of important historical sites: 14th century Catholic Franciscan monastery, ruins of the medieval Bosnian Court, an old Bosnian house with the original architecture from the 18th century, and mosque from 15th century, claimed to be the oldest in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also, very close to the village is located Bobovac, a fortified city of medieval Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Site version: 2.9 Fine-tuned (11-July-2021 update) [Private tours] on
© copyright Monterrasol Travel team