Cres is an Adriatic island in Croatia. It's one of the northern islands in the Kvarner Gulf and biggest in Croatia, with rich history.
Other places we know in Croatia
Brač (Brac) - Known for beach, cave, island
Brela - Known for beach, coastal town
Cavtat - Known for beach, coastal town, franciscan monastery, franciscan church
Dubovac - Known for castle
Dubrovnik - Known for fortress, funicular, historical center, marina, medieval old town, museum, promenade, seaport, venetian empire; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Hvar - Known for island
Imotski - Known for fortress, lake, museum
Korčula (Korcula) - Known for island, medieval old town
Krka - Known for landmark, nature, park, waterfall
Makarska - Known for beach, coastal town, marina, medieval old town, franciscan monastery, catholic cathedral
Medvedgrad - Known for fortress
Mljet - Known for island
Nin - Known for beach, coastal town, historical center, marina, spa and wellness, catholic cathedral
Omiš (Omis) - Known for fortress, medieval old town
Pelješac (Peljesac) - Known for peninsula
Plitvice - Known for lake, landmark, park, waterfall; park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ploče (Ploce) - Known for seaport
Poreč (Porec) - Known for byzantine empire, coastal town, historical center, venetian empire, catholic basilica; basilica is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Primošten (Primosten) - Known for coastal town, marina, promenade
Pula - Known for medieval old town, venetian empire
Rovinj - Known for historical center, medieval old town, museum, promenade, venetian empire, viewpoint
Šibenik (Sibenik) - Known for architecture, coastal town, fortified town, fortress, historical center, marina, museum, venetian empire, catholic cathedral; cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site; fortress is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sinj - Known for medieval old town
Solin - Known for ancient settlement, archaeological site, historical center, catholic church
Šolta Island (Solta Island) - Known for island, waterfall
Split - Known for coastal town, historical center, medieval old town, museum, promenade, seaport, venetian empire; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ston - Known for architecture, fortress, medieval old town
Trakošćan (Trakoscan) - Known for castle, museum, park
Trogir - Known for coastal town, marina, medieval old town, monument, museum, promenade, venetian empire; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Vis Island - Known for island
Zadar - Known for byzantine empire, coastal town, fortified town, fortress, historical center, marina, museum, promenade, seaport, venetian empire; fortified town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Zagreb - Known for castle, funicular, historical center, museum, catholic cathedral
Zavratnica - Known for beach, landmark
Last reviewed: 19 May 2020
Cres has been inhabited since the Paleolithic time period. Its name predates classical antiquity and has Proto-Indo-European roots. Although this is one view, another more historically correct is from classical antiquity, when the town was founded and inhabited by ancient Greeks, and called it Chersos which in Greek language means "barren land", "uncultivated land" and "dry heaths". Later, "Chersos" was resounded to "Cresta", from which eventually the modern name "Cherso-Cres" is derived.
Cres was later ruled by the Greeks and, since the 1st century B.C., the Roman Empire make province of Liburnia. After the fall of the Roman Empire the island was taken over and became a part of the Byzantine Empire, and remained this way for centuries. Slavics came to the islands in the early 9th century.
Then, around 866 the romans inhabitants saw the first conflicts with the Republic of Venice. The Venetians eventually took control of Cres and the neighboring islands in the 10th and 11th centuries.
However, in the islands is being ruled for 400 years the Venetians took control. After Napoleon's victory over the Venetians, the island came under Austrian rule. After the defeat of Austria by Napoleon in 1809 the islands became part of the French Empire.
After the fall of Napoleon, Austria once again took control of the Cres island for 100 years. During this time the economy developed with olive trees, sage, and other plants becoming key to the success of the island. At the end of World War I, with the Treaty of Rapallo signed in 1920, the island Cres was once again handed over to Italy. This lasted until 1947 when the island Cres, along with Istrian Peninsula, were assigned to Yugoslavia.
The island Cres has gone through an agricultural downturn as many residents left the island in search of a better life on the mainland and abroad. This has resulted in many former agricultural areas becoming overgrown with local vegetation. Recently people, primarily retirees, have been returning to live on the island. Tourism has become an increasingly important industry and the population experiences significant seasonal variation.
Cres has its own fresh water lake, Lake Vrana, which is very highly guarded and illegal to swim or fish in. It is the largest lake in Croatia by volume and one of the deepest fresh water lakes in Eastern Europe, going down 76 meters at its deepest point, more than 50 m below sea-level.
The lake Vrana was formed by very heavy tectonic movements along a longitudinal relaxation fault which now contains 220 million m3 of fresh water. Comprising an area of 5.8 square kilometers, the depression reaches a depth of around 60 m below the sea level, but its surface lies about 14 m above it, oscillating by about half a meter, meaning the maximum depth is 74 meters.
Myth of Lake Vrana. There is a local legend that there is a castle under the lake. According to the legend, a rich sister who lived in the castle would not give her much poorer sister money or food. As a result, she was punished by having her castle flooded during a severe thunderstorm which caused Lake Vrana to be created. The story goes on to tell that on some windy days, if one is to listen very carefully the tower bells can still be heard ringing to this day.
Cres related tours
Sorry, we have no any pre-designed tour passing trough this place yet. If you would like to visit this place, please contact us.
Why travel with us
Maybe you want?
Recently added tours
Recently added places
January 17, 2022 Butrint, Albania. Butrint was an ancient Greek and later Roman town and bishopric in Epirus. It declined in Late Antiquity, before being abandoned during the Middle Ages after a major earthquake flooded most of the town. Today it is an archaeological site in Albania, close to the Greek border. The town is considered as one of the most important archaeological sites in Albania. On the strength of the immense wealth of cultural, historical and natural value with a considerable history, Butrint was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992 and further a National Park in 2000.
November 15, 2021 Koronisia, Greece. Koronisia (sometime also called as Korakonisia) is the largest and only inhabited island in the Ambracian Gulf, in Greece. There is a fishing village of the same name, with two churches and the small castle. Koronisia is known for unique location that is connected to the mainland by 6km long narrow route surrounded from both sides by sea.
November 4, 2021 Bosnian Pyramids, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosnian pyramids complex is a pseudoarchaeological notion to explain the formation of a cluster of natural hills in the area of Visoko in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2005, Semir Osmanagic, also known as Sam Osmanagic, a Bosnian American businessman now based in Houston, Texas, has claimed that these hills are the largest human-made ancient pyramids on Earth. His claims have been overwhelmingly refuted by scientists but he has proceeded to promote the area as a tourist attraction.
October 24, 2021 Elbasan, Albania. Elbasan is a city and a municipality in central Albania, attract visitors by ancient walls of the castle, tuins of the Basilica and ancient theater.
September 11, 2021 Perast, Montenegro. Perast is a small picturesque town on the Bay of Kotor in Montenegro. It is situated a few kilometers from Kotor and is noted for its coast and proximity to two islets, islet of St. George and islet Our Lady of the Rocks.
Site version: 3.1 Enhanced (25-August-2021 update) [Private tours] on
© copyright Monterrasol Travel team