According to mythology, it is considered the most ancient city of the world. Built at the center of the fertile Argolic plain, along with Thebes, it was the most powerful city of Ancient Greece. Argos, one of the beauties of the famous Peloponnese, is an enchanting destination just a stone’s throw from Athens. The surrounding area has plenty of other sights as well.
Argos, a city in Argolis, in the Peloponnese, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Numerous impressive ancient monuments and remains of the medieval city can be found in the city today and are a popular tourist attraction.
It is just 11 km from Nafplio, which was its historic harbour. As settlement of great antiquity, Argos has been continuously inhabited for the past 7,000 years. The city is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network.
The imposing theatre of the Hellenistic Period (320 BC), with a capacity of 20,000 seats, is not only among the largest theaters in the country but it is one of the largest architectural developments in Greece. It is currently in the UNESCO Tentative list.
The Mycenaean citadel Larissa, where, apart from the remains of ancient temples, the remnants of an imposing medieval castle still stand proudly until today.
Argos is traditionally considered to be the origins of the ancient Macedonian royal Greek house of the Argead dynasty. The most celebrated members were Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great.
Argos was a major stronghold during the Mycenaean era, and along with the neighbouring acropolis of Mycenae and Tiryns became a very early settlement because of its strategic location on the fertile plain of Argolis
In classical times Argos was a powerful rival of Sparta for dominance over the Peloponnese.
Argos experienced its greatest period of expansion and power under the energetic 7th century BC ruler King Pheidon. During the time of its greatest power, the city boasted a pottery and bronze sculpturing school, pottery workshops, tanneries and clothes producers.
Pheidon also extended Argive influence throughout Greece, taking control of the Olympic Games away from the citizens of Elis and appointing himself organizer during his reign.
There is evidence of continuous settlement in the area starting with a village about 7000 years ago in the late Neolithic, located on the foot of Aspida hill.
Since that time, Argos has been continually inhabited at the same geographical location.
The city is located at a rather propitious area, among Nemea, Corinth and Arcadia.
After talks concerning the intentions of the Greek government to move the Greek capital from Nafplio to Athens, discussions regarding the possibility of Argos also being a candidate as the potential new capital became more frequent, with supporters of the idea claiming that, unlike Athens, Argos was naturally protected by its position and benefited from a nearby port (Nafplio).
Moreover, it was maintained that construction of public buildings would be difficult in Athens, given that most of the land was owned by the Greek church, meaning that a great deal of expropriation would have to take place. On the contrary, Argos did not face a similar problem, having large available areas for this purpose.
In the end, the proposition of the Greek capital being moved to Argos was rejected by the father of king Otto, Ludwig, who insisted in making Athens the capital, something which eventually happened in 1834.
How to visit Argos
We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Argos during multiday private car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Argos.
We have developed several tours that visiting this beautiful place. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.
Last updated on: 27 September 2019
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