Stobi, the biggest city from the antique period in this part of Macedonia, only 80km south from the the capital Skopje, is a place that links the Mediterranean to the continental Balkan hinterlands, shrouded by the mythical rivers of Axios and Erigon, along which countless Roman legions, Crusading cavalries, Ottoman conquerors and World War armies had marched. Today, this region represents the midpoint where the Old and the New World of wine meet.
Monterrasol private car tours to
Monterrasol private car tours to
Monterrasol private car tours to
Other places we know in Macedonia
Ohrid - Known for archaeological site, fortress, historical center, lake, museum, orthodox church, orthodox monastery; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Last reviewed: 28 March 2021
Stobi was an ancient town of Paeonia, later conquered by Macedon, and finally turned into the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia Salutaris. It is located on the main road that leads from the Danube to the Aegean Sea and is considered by many to be the most famous archaeological site in North Macedonia. Stobi was built where joining two rivers, Erigon and Axios, making it strategically important as a center for both trade and warfare.
The name Stobi is a Paeonian word meaning "post, pillar" and is akin to Old Prussian stabis, "rock". The name suggests that it was the site of a large local cultic pillar, though there is no evidence of this.
Stobi position in the fertile central Vardar valley allowed it quickly to develop a flourishing economy and to establish trade. Nearby Mount Klepa was a lucrative source of marble.
The city was first mentioned in writing by the historian Livy, in connection with a victory of Philip V of Macedon over the Dardani in 197 BC. In 168 BC, the Romans defeated Perseus and Macedonia was divided into four nominally independent republics. In 148 BC, the four areas of Macedonia were brought together in a unified Roman province. In the reign of Augustus the city grew in size and population. The city grew further in 69 BC once it became a municipium, at which time it began to produce coins printed with Municipium Stobensium.
The citizens of Stobi enjoyed Ius Italicum and were citizens of Rome. Most belonged to the Roman tribes Aemila and Tromentina. During Roman times Stobi was the capital of the Roman province Macedonia Salutaris. Emperor Theodosius I stayed in Stobi in 388. Late in the 5th century the city underwent a terrible turn of events. In 479, it was robbed by Theodoric, an Ostrogothic king. The citizens reconstructed the city, but in 518 it was struck by a powerful earthquake. Avaro-Slavic invasions in the 6th century destroyed the city's economy and infrastructure.
Yugoslavian archaeologists first discovered public and private buildings in the city and then the city's theater, built in the 3rd century, and religious artifacts from the central and western part of the city. The most significant finds were uncovered between 1970 and 1980 by Yugoslav and American archaeologists. In this period more buildings were discovered and new expeditions in the western necropolis, the Casa Romana and in the aqueduct network of Stobi revealed more mosaics.
The Grand Palace near the eastern wall of the city was built during the Roman period and contains beautiful frescoes. Stobi is one of a small number of cities from the late antique and early Christian period that kept a large number of mosaics. New archaeological research has shown that all Christian basilicas in the city discovered thus far were built over ancient buildings.
The Episcopal Basilica, dating from the 5th and 6th centuries, can see beautiful peacock from the baptistery's mosaic floor that is depicted on the reverse of the Macedonian 10 denars banknote, issued in 1996, and of the 10 denars coin, issued in 2008.
Stobi related tours
We at Monterrasol Travel welcome you to see Stobi during multi-day private car tour. Contact us if you would like to customize your tour to Stobi.
We have developed several tours that visiting this beautiful place. But, if you have a special conditions or any from these tours fit you, please do not hesitate to contact us, we can organize a tour exactly as you would like. And remember, we have no problems to take you from almost any place where you stay, hotel or private accommodation.
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