Home

Monterrasol Travel private tours Instagram   Monterrasol Travel private tours Twitter   Monterrasol Travel private tours Facebook   Monterrasol Travel private tours Pinterest

Travel with us and discover the world

Places we know

Tours we created



Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia


Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) highlights

historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Banská Štiavnica is a town in central Slovakia, in the middle of an immense caldera created by the collapse of an ancient volcano. For its size, the caldera is known as the Štiavnica Mountains. Banská Štiavnica is a completely preserved medieval town. Because of their historical value, the town and its surroundings were proclaimed by the UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site on December 11, 1993.


Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to


Other places we know in Slovakia

Spiš (Spis) - Known for castle, museum; castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site





Last reviewed: 23 May 2020

Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) description

The fate of Banská Štiavnica has been closely linked to the exploitation of its abundant resources of silver ore. According to evidence from excavations, the site was settled during the Neolithic period.

The first mining settlement was founded by Celts in the 3rd century BC. It was probably occupied by the Celtic Cotini tribe. Roman authors mentioned mining activities of the Cotini, who had lived in present-day central Slovakia until they were deported to Pannonia within the Marcomannic Wars by Rome. The site was also settled by early Slavs and an old Slovak fortified settlement was situated here in the 10th and 11th century. The site was called “terra banensium” (the land of miners) as early as 1156. The local population gave the name "Štiavnica" (acidic stream) to the settlement in the valley, and the settlement on the hill above came to be called "Bana" (the mine). Banská Štiavnica gained the status of a royal town in 1238, as one of the first towns in the Kingdom of Hungary.

In the High and Late Middle Ages, the town was the main producer of silver and gold in the Kingdom of Hungary. During the Ottoman Wars, the Turks made concerted efforts to conquer rich mining towns in Upper Hungary (towns Banská Štiavnica, Banská Bystrica, and Kremnica). This new threat led Banská Štiavnica to build powerful fortifications, including two castles, in the 16th century. As one of the most important centers of the Protestant Reformation in the country, the town belonged to the Protestant "League of Seven Mining Towns" together with Banská Belá, Banská Bystrica, Kremnica, Ľubietová, Nová Baňa, and Pukanec.

The town was also a leading center of innovation in the mining industry. In 1627, gunpowder was used there in a mine for one of the first times in the world (After Le Thillot, France). To drain water from the flooded mines, a sophisticated system of water reservoirs and channels, known as tajchy, was designed and built by the local scientists Jozef Karol Hell, Maximilian Hell, and Samuel Mikovíny in the 18th century. Tajchy not only saved the mines from being closed, but also provided energy for the early phase of industrialization.

In 1782, Banská Štiavnica was the third biggest town in the Kingdom of Hungary, after Pozsony (today Bratislava) and Debrecen. But the town's development was too closely linked to the mining activity which had been progressively declining since the second half of the 19th century. Nowadays, Banská Štiavnica is an important center of recreation and tourism, benefiting from its rich historical heritage.

Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) related tours

Sorry, we have no any pre-designed tour passing trough this place yet. If you would like to visit this place, please contact us.

Why travel with us

Are our tours right for you?

Why travel with Monterrasol?




Maybe you want?

Create your own custom tour

Order a transfer




Recently added tours

July 26, 2021 All seasons Montenegro+Bosnia discovery 2 days micro tour from Tivat. Visit Kotor, Perast, Trebinje, Tvrdos, Vjetrenica, Zavala.

July 26, 2021 Montenegro+Bosnia all seasons discovery 3 days mini tour from Tivat. Visit Kotor, Budva, Perast, Trebinje, Tvrdos, Vjetrenica.

July 23, 2021 All seasons Bosnia 3 days mini tour from Makarska. Kravice waterfalls, Mostar, Blagaj, Pocitelj, Vjetrenica cave, Tvrdos, Trebinje.

July 21, 2021 Explore Croatia Bosnia Montenegro Albania Greece by cultural tour 32 days. Balkans roadtrip from Zagreb to Athens. Old towns, fortresses, monasteries, UNESCO sites.

July 15, 2021 Croatia + Bosnia all seasons discovery 10 days tour from Zagreb to Dubrovnik. More nature, less cities. Scenic roads of Dalmatian Rivera.




Recently added places

June 27, 2021 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is the third-largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Tuzla is a modern multicultural city with rich history goes back to the 9th century, in touristic meaning the most known for salt lake.

June 2, 2021 Červená Lhota (Cervena Lhota), Czech Republic. Červená Lhota is a picturesque Renaissance castle in south Bohemia, Czech Republic. The castle stands at the middle of a lake on a rocky island. The name Červená Lhota meaning "red lhota" can be explained by the colour of the castle's bright-red roof tiles. There is also a park, where the Chapel of the Holy Trinity is located.

May 17, 2021 Gjirokastër (Gjirokaster), Albania. Gjirokastër is a city in southern Albania, in a valley between mountains, at 300 metres above sea level. Its old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, described as "a rare example of a well-preserved Ottoman town, built by farmers of large estate". The city is overlooked by Gjirokastër Fortress.

March 28, 2021 Stobi, Macedonia. Stobi, the biggest city from the antique period in this part of Macedonia, only 80km south from the the capital Skopje, is a place that links the Mediterranean to the continental Balkan hinterlands, shrouded by the mythical rivers of Axios and Erigon, along which countless Roman legions, Crusading cavalries, Ottoman conquerors and World War armies had marched. Today, this region represents the midpoint where the Old and the New World of wine meet.

February 13, 2021 Kraljeva Sutjeska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kraljeva Sutjeska is a village in the municipality of Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina, almost at the middle of Bosnia and Herzegovina territory. The village hosts a number of important historical sites: 14th century Catholic Franciscan monastery, ruins of the medieval Bosnian Court, an old Bosnian house with the original architecture from the 18th century, and mosque from 15th century, claimed to be the oldest in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also, very close to the village is located Bobovac, a fortified city of medieval Bosnia and Herzegovina.






About us

Places we know

Tours we created

Contact us

Our pre-designed private tours

Create your own custom tour

Order a transfer

Think on future: think on another place

Our library: materials about travel and for travellers

Slow Tourism philosophy

Tours conditions

Privacy policy

Terms and Conditions


 

Follow us! Monterrasol Travel private tours Instagram   Monterrasol Travel private tours Twitter   Monterrasol Travel private tours Facebook   Monterrasol Travel private tours Pinterest

 

Site version: 2.9 Fine-tuned (11-July-2021 update) [Private tours] on

© copyright Monterrasol Travel team