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Slovakia


Slovakia highlights

Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe; it's bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest, and Czech Republic to the northwest. The capital and largest city is Bratislava and the official language is Slovak. Slovakia's territory is mostly mountainous. The Slovak landscape is noted primarily for its mountainous nature, with the Carpathian Mountains extending across most of the northern half of the country.


Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Spiš (Spis), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia - Monterrasol private tours to Slovakia. Travel agency offers custom private car tours to see Slovakia in Slovakia. Order custom private tour to Slovakia with departure date on request.
Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica), Slovakia
Monterrasol private car tours to


We know these places in Slovakia

Banská Štiavnica (Banska Stiavnica) - Known for medieval old town; historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Spiš (Spis) - Known for castle, museum; castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site





Last reviewed: 18 September 2020

Slovakia description

The first written mention of name Slovakia is in 1586 and it derives from the Czech word Slovaky. The native name Slovensko (1791) derives from an older name of Slovaks, Sloven, which may indicate its origin before the 15th century. The original meaning was geographic (not political), since Slovakia was a part of the multiethnic Kingdom of Hungary.

The Slavs arrived in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries. In the 7th century they played a significant role in the creation of Samo's Empire and in the 9th century established the Principality of Nitra, which was later conquered by the Principality of Moravia to establish Great Moravia.

In the 10th century, after the dissolution of Great Moravia, the territory was integrated into the Principality of Hungary, which would become the Kingdom of Hungary in 1000. In 1241 and 1242, much of the territory was destroyed by the Mongols during their invasion of Central and Eastern Europe.

After World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Czechoslovakia (1918–1939) was established. At the end of World War II, Czechoslovakia was re-established as an independent country. Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia, sometimes known as the Velvet Divorce.

Slovakia features natural landscapes, mountains, caves, medieval castles and towns, folk architecture, spas and ski resorts. Slovakia contains many castles, but most of which are in ruins. The best known castles include Bojnice Castle (often used as a filming location), Spis Castle (on the UNESCO list), Orava Castle, Bratislava Castle, Cachtice Castle, and the ruins of Devin Castle.

Slovakia has hundreds of caves and caverns under its mountains, of which 30 are open to the public. Most of the caves have stalagmites rising from the ground and stalactites hanging from above. There are currently five Slovak caves under UNESCO's World Heritage Site status.

Bratislava's geographical position in Central Europe has long made Bratislava a crossroads for international trade traffic. Various ancient trade routes, such as the Amber Road and the Danube waterway, have crossed territory of present-day Bratislava.

Slovakia's position in Europe and the country's past (part of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Habsburg monarchy and Czechoslovakia) made many cities and towns similar to the cities in the Czech Republic (such as Prague), Austria (such as Salzburg) or Hungary (such as Budapest). A historical centre with at least one square has been preserved in many towns.

Historical churches can be found in virtually every village and town in Slovakia. Most of them are built in the Baroque style, but there are also many examples of Romanesque and Gothic architecture. The Basilica of St. James in Levoca with the tallest wood-carved altar in the world and the Church of the Holy Spirit in Zehra with medieval frescos are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The St. Martin's Concathedral in Bratislava served as the coronation church for the Kingdom of Hungary.

Typical souvenirs from Slovakia are dolls dressed in folk costumes, ceramic objects, crystal glass, carved wooden figures, wooden pitchers, decorated folk hatchets. Above all products made from corn husks and wire, notably human figures.

Traditional Slovak cuisine is based mainly on pork, poultry (chicken is the most widely eaten, followed by duck, goose, and turkey), flour, potatoes, cabbage, and milk products. It is relatively closely related to Hungarian, Czech, Polish and Austrian cuisine. On the east it is also influenced by Ukrainian. In comparison with other European countries, meat from hunting is more accessible in Slovakia due to vast resources of forest and because hunting is relatively popular. Boar, rabbit, and venison are generally available throughout the year. Lamb and goat are eaten but are not widely popular.

The traditional Slovak meals are meals with potato dough and a salty cheese made of sheep milk, characterised by a strong taste and aroma. Such dishes are considered a national, and is very commonly found on the menu of traditional Slovak restaurants.

White wine generally is more popular than red or rosé, and sweet wine more popular than dry. Beer, mainly of the pilsener style and dark lagers are also popular.

Slovakia related tours

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